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Theory

 

Welcome to Theory, a library of summarised topics on neurosurgery and neuroanatomy. This theoretical modules are designed to provide a rapid reference in your daily scientific activity. Our first aim is to collect high amounts of useful and accurate information in smart and intuitive layouts.

Theory is a growing library organised into three categories: Anatomy, Classifications and Scale, Pathology. The Authors are Neurosurgeons, Residents and Medical Students from different Institutions and countries. Our team is doing the best to expand categories and topics. 

You are invited to collaborate! SUBMIT a missing topic or keep reading!

Simona Serioli
Theory Editor
UpSurgeOn Scientific Team

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All Categories
Classifications
Pathology
Anatomy
Procedures
Neurosurgical Approaches

AVM - Scores and Scales

Category: Classifications.
Arteriovenous Vascular Malformations are a rare pathology. The authors present AVM scores and classifications. Authors of this module: Dr. Federico Nicolosi, MD; Giorgio Saraceno, MS.

AVM - What to know

Category: Pathology.
AVMs (Arteriovenous Vascular Malformations) are a group of rare vascular lesions of the CNS (0,1 - 4%). There are four type of vascular malformations. Authors of this chapter: Dr. Federico Nicolosi,...

Brain Gliomas in Adults: basic concepts

Category: Pathology.
An overview on the basic concepts concerning Brain Gliomas. Authors of this chapter: Dr. Roberto Altieri, MD; Dr. Giannantonio Spena, MD.

Cerebral Aneurysms - Scores and Scales

Category: Classifications.
MGH (Ogilvy) Grade and PHASES Score of Cerebral Aneurysms. Authors of this module: Dr. Federico Nicolosi, MD; Giorgio Saraceno, MS.

Cerebral Aneurysms - What to know

Category: Pathology.
An overview on brain aneurysms, from definition to pathological aspects. Authors of this module: Dr. Federico Nicolosi, MD; Giorgio Saraceno, MS.

Cerebral Arterial Circulation

Category: Anatomy.
An overview on Cerebral Arterial Circulation. Author of this chapter: Dr. Elena Roca, MD.

Chiari Malformation type I (CMI) in adults: an overview.

Category: Pathology.
An overview on Chiari Malformation type I (CMI) in adults. Authors of this chapter: Dr. Giannantonio Spena, MD, Dr. Federico Nicolosi, MD.

Craniometric Points

Category: Anatomy.
A detailed overview of the craniometric points. Authors of this module: Dr. Federico Nicolosi, MD; Edoardo Agosti, MS; Simona Serioli, MS.

Decompressive Hemicraniectomy

Category: Procedures.
Steps of the Decompressive Hemicraniectomy. Author of this module: Dr. Antonio D'Ammando, MD.

Degenerative Spine - Classifications and Scales

Category: Classifications.
Three essential classifications/scales for the assessment of degenerative spine: Modic Classification, Nutrick Scale, White-Panjab Scale. Authors: Dr. Gabriele Costantino, MD; Giorgio Saraceno, MS

Diagnostic Cerebral Angiography

Category: Procedures.
An overview on Cerebral Angiography in cerebrovascular disease: from indications to technical notes. Authors of this module: Dr. Simone Peschillo, MD; Dr. Francesco Diana, MD.

Epidural Hematoma (EDH) - What to know

Category: Pathology.
Epidural hematoma (EDH) is one the most frequent post-traumatic events. Here an overview. Authors of this module: Dr. Antonio D'Ammando, MD, Giorgio Saraceno, MS.

Ethmoid Bone

Category: Anatomy.
Systematic description of Ethmoid Bone.

External Ventricular Drain

Category: Procedures.
Steps of the External Ventricular Drain. Author of this module: Dr. Antonio D'Ammando, MD.

Hydrocephalus (HCP)

Category: Pathology.
A detailed presentation on Hydrocephalus and its clinical onset. Author of this module: Fabio Paio, MS.

Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ICH) - Scores and Volumes

Category: Classifications.
ICH Score, FUNC Score and Volume formula. Authors of this chapter: Dr. Federico Nicolosi, MD; Giorgio Saraceno, MS.

Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ICH) - What to know

Category: Pathology.
An overview on intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) from definition to physiopathology. Authors of this module: Dr. Giannantonio Spena, MD; Giorgio Saraceno, MS.

Lumbar Puncture

Category: Procedures.
An overview on a surgical procedure: Lumbar Puncture. Author of this chapter: Shah Dais, MS

Maxillary Bone

Category: Anatomy.
Systematic description of Maxillary Bone.

Palatine Bone

Category: Anatomy.
Systematic description of Palatine Bone.

Parkinson’s disease and Deep Brain Stimulation – Basic Concepts

Category: Pathology.
An overview on Parkinson’s disease and Deep Brain Stimulation. Author of this chapter: Dr Vincenzo Levi, MD.

Pituitary Adenomas

Category: Pathology.
An overview on the basic concepts concerning Pituitary Adenomas. Authors of this chapter: Dr. Elena Roca, MD; Dr. Francesco Doglietto, MD, PhD.

Pterional Approach

Steps of the Pterional Approach, one-layer and two-layers techniques. Authors of this module: Dr. Giannantonio Spena, MD, Dr. Federico Nicolosi, MD.

Revascularization Techniques for Complex Aneurysms

Category: Procedures.
An overview on revascularization techniques for complex aneurysms: from indications to technical notes. Authors of this chapter: Dr Samer S. Hoz, MD.

Skull Anatomy - Overview

Category: Anatomy.
Systematic overview of skull anatomy. This module contains the free full text of AppSurgeOn - 3D Skull Atlas (Go to Apps for more informations). Authors: Dr. Francesco Belotti, MD; Dr. Federico...

Sphenoid Bone

Category: Anatomy.
Systematic description of Sphenoid Bone.

Spine and Spinal Cord Tumors

Category: Pathology.
A comprehensive presentation of Spine and Spinal Cord Tumors: from anatomical and pathological features to clinical management. Author of this module: Fabio Paio, MS.

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH) - Classifications and Scales

Category: Classifications.
Principal Classifications and Scores for SAH. Authors of this module: Dr. Federico Nicolosi, MD; Giorgio Saraceno, MS.

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH) - What to know

Category: Pathology.
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) refers to a bleeding in the subarachnoidal space. Authors of this module: Dr. Federico Nicolosi, MD; Giorgio Saraceno, MS.

Subdural Hematoma (SDH) - What to know

Category: Pathology.
An overview on subdural hematoma (SDH) basic concepts. Authors of this module: Dr. Antonio D'Ammando, MD; Dr. Anatoli Dimitrov, MD; Giorgio Saraceno, MS.

Temporal Bone

Category: Anatomy.
Systematic description of Temporal Bone.

Trauma - Scores and Classifications

Category: Classifications.
Classifications of the traumatic diseases of both the brain and spine. Authors of this module: Dr. Antonio D'Ammando, MD; Giorgio Saraceno, MS.

Tumors - Scores and Classifications

Category: Classifications.
Scores and classifications about neoplastic disease of the CNS.

Vestibular Schwannoma: Basic Concepts

Category: Pathology.
An overview on the basic concepts concerning Vestibular Schwannoma. Authors of this chapter: Dr. Giannantonio Spena, MD; Simona Serioli, MS.